E-ISSN: 2456-2033

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IJAREM: Volume 04 - No. 09, 2018


1. Factors Influencing Strategy Choice in Five Star Hotels Performance in Nairobi, Kenya
Winnie Karimi Kinyua, Dr Nancy Rintari, Abel Moguche
This study focused on factors influencing strategy choice in five star hotels performance in Nairobi, Kenya. It was carried out with the realization that firms are endeavouring to be at standard with the worldwide change, accomplishing upper hand position and upgrading execution with respect to their rivals. Hotels in Kenya are struggling to design new and achievable strategic plans so as to have a stake in what is considered a lucrative market with the great potential for growth. The objective of the study was to assess the influence of customer satisfaction on strategy choice in five star hotels performance in Nairobi, Kenya. The study used descriptive research design which was quantitative and qualitative. The study used census study methodology. The study population consisted of 70 managers and unit managers of the five-star hotels in Nairobi, Kenya classified by Tourism Regulatory Authority. Secondary data was collected from books, journals, magazines and newspapers while primary data was gathered utilizing a self-administered questionnaire to the respondents. Data collected was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).Each key factor was recorded against the set variable while quantitative information was broken down utilizing descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Hypothesis was tested at 5% level of significance. Analyzed data was presented in tables, diagrams and charts. The study used logistic regression to show the relationship between dependent variable, performance of five star hotels in Nairobi and independent variable competitive positioning. The study found that technology had significant relation with performance of five star hotels in Nairobi, Kenya. The study recommended that hotels should implement information technology in their operations so as to gain competitive advantage over their competitors and for research and development on global trends


2. Population and Unemployment: A Population Analysis in East Java Indonesia
SS Dwiningwarni, Aslichah, Tatik Mulyati, Anto Aryanto, Titin
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of population growth, economic growth, investment in open unemployment rates in East Java Province. The analysis used is path analysis. The results of his research include population growth which has a positive effect on economic growth but is not significant. Economic growth has a positive effect on investment but is not significant, foreign investment has a negative effect on the rate of open unemployment and domestic investment has a positive effect on open unemployment but is not significant. This means that the rate of population growth, economic growth and investment does not directly or indirectly affect the open unemployment rate in East Java.


3. Aviculture in the Hinterland of Lubumbashi City: Analysis of Technical and Economic Efficiency of the Local Chicken Production
The Case of Kasangiri, Kawama and Mimbulu Villages

Kabala Kazadi Laurent, Kasanda Mukendi Nathan, Kilemba Mukangala Benjamin, Kabemba Tshiakamona James, Byamungu Barasima Frederic, Kilela Mwanasomwe Jacques, Muganza Achille and Nkulu Mwine Fyama Jules
The breeding of local chickens is a better way of fighting against protein deficiency inLubumbashi. Having a short cycle of production, the chicken breeding is a short term profitable activity because of it is low cost demand and can be exercised by all socio-professional categories. An analysis of traditional poultry practices was conducted among the 100 poultry producers in three villages, including Kasangiri, Kawama and Mimbulu in the Lubumbashi Hinterland; through which, local poultry farming has proven to be a technically and economically efficient activity due to the ratio of 7 and 3.5 respectively. A technical efficiency is mostly justified by the lower demanding nature of the activity and not by the use of zootechnical techniques by poultry farmers. The low score of economic efficiency is a consequence of lack of engineering techniques, infrastructures and many intrinsic and extrinsic factors.


4. The Effect of Credit Cards on the Competitiveness of Commercial Banks in Kenya
(A Survey of Commercial Banks in Meru County)

Geoffrey Kimathi Njeru, Nancy Rintari, Abel Moguche
This research sought to find out the effect of credit cards services on the competitiveness of commercial banks in Kenya. The objectives were to determine the effect of credit cards services on the competitiveness of commercial banks. The theories used to underpin the study were, traditional theory of financial innovations, financial constraints theory and strategic theory of financial innovations. A descriptive research design was adopted in conducting this study. The target population was 239 upper and middle cadre employees of the commercial banks. Stratified proportionate sampling technique was used by taking 11 branch managers 32 heads of departments, 25 agency banking operators and 82 management staffs from commercial banks in Meru town. This resulted in a total sample size of 150 respondents. Primary data was collected using open and close ended questionnaire. Secondary data was collected from banks websites, central banks websites and various publications. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data. Binary logistic regression was used to link the relationship between independent variables and dependent variable and to test the hypothesis. The researcher used the hypothesis test at 95% confidence level. Descriptive data was presented in the form of frequency tables and percentages. The data was analyzed using SPSS. The study concludes that mobile virtual network had a positive relationship on competitiveness of commercial banks.. The study recommends that the regulator (Central Bank of Kenya) should create an enabling environment that will enhance competitiveness of commercial banks so that they realize the full benefits of value added services. Through compliance with the regulations and policies the banks will be more competitive as a result of value added services innovations which without a proper policy the banks would not operate effectively in the market to realize profits.


5. Analysis of Unemployment and Poverty in Crimes against FDI in Indonesia
Indah Purwasih, Wiyarni
Criminal aspects are one of the strongest considerations for the foreign investors to place their investments. This study aims to analyze unemployment and poverty in crime against Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Indonesia. This study used data from 31 provinces in Indonesia. The data consist of FDI that measured by foreign investment; CRIME that measured by number of crime (total crime), time of occurrence of a crime (crime clock), and the number of people at risk of crime (crime rate); UNEMPLOYMENT that measured by Job seekers and preparing a business; and POVERTY that measured by the population who have an average per capita expenditure per month below the poverty line. The analytical method that used in this research is multiple regression analysis with pooled data. This study found that there is only 10% the influence of unemployment and poverty toward crime. The influence of crime on FDI is 41%. This study has concluded that unemployment and poverty rates are not directly related to FDI but are linked by crime. It does not mean that there is no influence but will be one of the considerations of the country of the owner of the fund (home country) in placing the funds in the destination country (host country).

IJAREM Features